10/25/2021 - 14:14
non State actors

Afghanistan

Afghanistan
Status of the embargo
Ongoing
Organisation(s)
UN & EU
Restriction(s)
arme
Exceptions
No
Introduction

The Taliban, persons and entities associated with them are under UN  and EU arms embargoes. These sanctions initially applied to the Afghan territory, whether as a whole or in certain parts, but currently target only individuals or entities regardless of their geographic location.

 

The Taliban and the associated persons or entities have been under UN arms embargo since October 1996 ( Resolution 1076 (1996)). The first round of sanctions applied to all warring parties in Afghanistan (Resolution 1076, para. 4).

UN Security Council Resolution 1333 (2000) established an arms embargo limited to the Afghan territories under Taliban control (Resolution 1333, para. 5, a-b).

UN Resolution 1390 (2002) established a joint arms embargo against both the Taliban and Al Qaeda militants, regardless of their geographic location. Finally, the regime was divided to establish measures that apply exclusively to the Taliban, which have not yet been amended.

Prohibitions

The current sanctions regime, as detailed in UN Resolution 2160 (2014) which reiterates UN Resolution 1988 (2011), decides that all Member States of the United Nations shall prevent “the direct or indirect supply sale, or transfer (…) of arms and related materiel of all types including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, and technical advice, assistance, or training related to military activities” (Resolution 1988 (2011), para. 1, c) to persons and entities designated as the Taliban and to persons, groups, undertakings and entities associated with them.

These persons or entities are those already identified as Taliban, whose names were listed in the Consolidated list maintained by the Security Council Committee in charge of the control and application of sanctions established pursuant to Resolution 1267 (1999).

Member States are called upon to take part in the elaboration of this list and to submit all relevant information to the Committee.

Others

These sanctions are indefinite.

The Taliban are also under similar EU sanctions.

Free download

adobe Resolution 1076 (1996)

adobe Resolution 1333 (2000)

adobe Resolution 1390 (2002)

adobe Resolution 1988 (2011)

adobe Resolution 2160 (2014)

Link: 

Website of the UN Sanctions Committee

https://www.un.org/sc/suborg/fr/sanctions/1988

The Taliban, persons and entities associated with them have been under EU arms embargo since December 1996 (Common Position 96/746/CFSP).

The EU embargo mirrored that of the UN, thereby applying to all Afghan territories in 2000 (Common Position 2000/55/CFSP), then, from 2001, to territories under Taliban control. The regime later evolved to sanctions targeting only certain individuals. In 2002, these sanctions applied to both the Taliban and members of the Al-Qaeda network (Common Position 2002/402/CFSP). This common regime is currently divided to establish measures which apply exclusively to the Taliban.

Prohibitions

The current sanctions regime, as detailed in consolidated version of  Council Decision 2011/486/CFSP and Regulation 753/2011, prohibits EU Member-States from providing, selling, transferring, directly or indirectly, “arms and related materiel of all types including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned” to individuals known as Taliban and to other individuals, groups or entities associated with them. The names of these persons and entities are listed in the Annex of Decision 2011/486/CFSP and in Annex I of Regulation 753/2011.

Similarly, supply and sale to these persons and entities of technical assistance related to the goods and technology - listed in the Common Military List of the European Union - or of training related to military activities are prohibited. (Decision 2011/486/CFSP, art. 2 and Regulation 753/2011, art. 2).

 

Others

These sanctions are accompanied by financial measures, including a ban on the provision of funds and economic resources to the individuals and entities concerned, and restricted admission to the territory of the Member States.

The EU arms embargo is indefinite. Decision 2011/486/CFSP notes that it shall be reviewed, amended or repealed, as appropriate, in accordance with relevant decisions of the UN Security Council.

The Taliban, persons and entities associated with them are also under UN sanctions.

Free download

adobe Common Position 96/746/CFSP

adobe Common Position 2000/55/CFSP.

adobe Common Position 2001/771/CFSP

adobe Common Position 2002/402/CFSP

adobe  Council Decision 2011/486/CFSP (consolidated version 1st August 2015)

adobe  Regulation 753/2011 (consolidated version 1st August 2015)

adobe  Common Military List of the European Union

Link: 

Web page for EU Sanctions and restrictive measures

https://eeas.europa.eu/topics/sanctions-policy_en

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